Two Indian aircraft were also shot down by Stinger Missiles. All the Indian military commanders the Committee met emphasised the point that while it would have been possible for patrolling to be carried out even under these conditions, it would have required the troops to be specially equipped to withstand glacial conditions, as in Siachen, and a willingness to accept possible casualties.
Since India did not cross the LOG and reacted strictly within its own territory, the effort to conjure up escalation of a kind that could lead to nuclear war did not succeed. All the Indian military commanders the Committee met emphasised the point that while it would have been possible for patrolling to be carried out even under these conditions, it would have required the troops to be specially equipped to withstand glacial conditions, as in Siachen, and a willingness to accept possible casualties.
The possibility of adopting an integrated manpower policy for the Armed Forces, para-military forces and the Central Police Forces merits examination. However, hope was shattered as quickly as the melting of the snow on the crest line of the Kargil Mountains at the approach of summer.
Interception of communications reveal combatants speaking in non-native languages. The Indian Intelligence structure is flawed since there is little back up or redundancy to rectify failures and shortcomings in intelligence collection and reporting that goes to build up the external threat perception by the one agency, namely, RAW which has a virtual monopoly in this regard.
President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto committed Pakistan to acquiring nuclear weapons at a meeting held in Multan on January 24, in the wake of the country's defeat in the Bangladesh war.
The same pattern of behaviour was evident this time too.
For historical reasons, the Indian Armed Forces are not so mandated. What Pakistan attempted at Kargil was a typical case of salami slicing.
The achievements in Kargil war summary field can neither be denied nor denigrated. Except for one irresponsible editorial in an Indian party paper, there were no analogous pronouncements in this country. It viewed its task as a cooperative venture with the concerned Ministries, Defence Services, Intelligence Agencies and other concerned organisations and avoided getting into adversarial relationship with the officials and non-officials with whom it was required to interact.
In that event, perhaps greater risks in patrolling in snow conditions might have been found acceptable. National Security Management and Apex Decision-Making India is perhaps the only major democracy where the Armed Forces Headquarters are outside the apex governmental structure.
In addition BSF interrogators in Dec. Eventually the capture of these peaks, through the incessant shelling of the Mushkoh valley, was realized through an evacuation of Pakistani troops. Pakistan is hell bent in on internationalizing Kashmir. Sharif is on the defensive. Intelligence efforts are redoubled, a patrol team led by Capt.
The international community does not favour alteration of the status quo through nuclear blackmail as this would not be in the interest of the five major nuclear powers. Most of their time, is, however, devoted to the operational role, as is bound to happen.
But in Kargil there was a string of major lapses. For reasons of security, none of these Prime Ministers took any one other than Chairmen of the Atomic Energy Commission not alland the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister into confidence.
Adequate attention has not been paid to developing encryption and decryption skills. How would you expect that I would regret?
General Musharraf himself served in Afghanistan and had ties with Osama Bin Laden and other extremists. Nevertheless, national security dictates certain imperatives which the country may ignore only at its peril. Its behaviour patterns require to be carefully studied in order to gain a better understanding of the psyche of its leadership.
The Committee found that though the Corps Commander had moved adequate forces to contain the intrusion in the Batalik sector and followed it up with a similar deployment of forces in the Kaksar, Dras and Mashkoh valley sectors, there was still no clarity in the assessment of the magnitude of the intrusions and the composition of the intruders.
The political-military distrust, as a result of the subversive concealment of the operation from the polity by military intelligence, also prevented any coherent strategy for either troop withdrawal or conflict resolution.
This defined the role of the Army as being to ensure "zero infiltration" across the LOG. While dealing with the information issue, the Committee would also like to draw attention to the fact that Indian security forces are deployed year round in very difficult and inhospitable terrain ranging from high mountains to dense forests and sandy deserts.
There are concerns the country is increasingly becoming the hub of Islamic fundamentalism and supporting the Osamah Bin Laden type of terrorism that the US wants to crush. Many countries have established separate Defence Intelligence Agencies and generously provided them with resources and equipment to play a substantive role in intelligence collection.
The enhanced threat perception of Commander Infantry Brigade, Brigadier Surinder Singh also related to increased infiltration. The present obsolete system has perpetuated the continuation of the culture of the British Imperial theatre system of an India Command whereas what is required is a National Defence Headquarters.
Where appeals to sentiment or moral outrage failed, forceful persuasion or coercive diplomacy was used through the implicit threat of all-out war to secure international corroboration and assistance.
Such an assumption would be totally unsustainable in purely military terms. It is therefore possible and desirable to harness national talent wherever it lies - in the Universities and IITs, and m the private and public sectors - and not only within the DRDO and designated defence undertakings.
The Prime Minister and Defence Minister do not have the benefit of the views and expertise of the Army Commanders and their equivalents in the Navy and Air Force so that higher level defence management decisions are more consensual and broadbased.
In a democracy, it is incumbent on the Government to reduce any such gap.), which appropriately downplays the risk of nuclear war during the Kargil episode and in ﬁve other recent Indo-Pakistani crises, but greatly exaggerates the impact of nuclear weapons on Pakistan’s calculations to undertake the Kargil operation.
The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between April and June in Kashmir. The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the Line of Control.
rjphotoeditions.com is still too early to assess the final An Analysis of the Kargil Conflict By Shaukat Qadir RUSI JOURNAL APRIL formed the state of Jammu and Kashmir military operations rjphotoeditions.com Kargil mini-war was fought over an area extending from Dras to Kargil and Batalik, an area.
side of the line of control around Kargil in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and the Indian military campaign to repel the intrusion leftdead and 1, wounded, Indian soldiers according to December 1 statistics by Defense Minister George Fernandes. Earlier Government figures stated that Pakistani soldiers were killed.
Summary xi OPTIONS FOR THE FUTURE The Kargil conflict has shaped Pakistan’s and India’s conceptions of their future choices. Pakistan has slowly come to appreciate the. Kargil War also called as the Kargil conflict was an armed conflict between Indian and Pakistani forces that took place between May and July in the Kargil district of Kashmir and along the Line of Control.